Considered the elite of the American hardwoods, Walnut is the favourite of the darker woods. Walnut grows in widely scattered stands throughout the eastern half of the United States, primarily in the Midwest. The species is generally coarse textured and produces distinctive grain patterns. Walnut is prized for high-end furniture, architectural interiors, cabinets, doors, flooring and paneling. A favored use in contrast with lighter species, walnut is always distinctive. Walnut manufactures and stains well and can be polished to an exceptional finish.
Other Common Names: Juglans Nigra, Black walnut, American walnut
Sourcing Region: United States
Color, Pattern, Texture: The sapwood of walnut is creamy white, while the heartwood is light brown to dark chocolate brown, occasionally with a purplish cast and darker streaks. Walnut is usually supplied steamed, which darkens the sapwood, but a very unique look can also be achieved by leaving it natural. The wood is generally straight grained, but sometimes with wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative figure. The dark heartwood will lighten in colour as it ages overtime with exposure to UV light.
Common Uses and Applications: Recommended for fine furniture, interiors, and gunstocks; Furniture, contrast inlays, architectural millwork and moulding, kitchen Cabinets, paneling, flooring, high-class Joinery, carving, musical Instruments
Working Properties: Walnut works easily with hand and machine tools, and nails, screws and glues well. It holds paints and stains very well and can be polished to an exceptional finish. It performs best when dried slowly, reducing the opportunity for degrade. Walnut has good dimensional stability.
Historically, the grading rules for FAS walnut have been refined to encourage better use of this valuable species. Because of this, FAS Walnut grades allow for smaller boards, both in width and length. Our highest yielding grade, yielding at a minimum 83-1/3% clear-face cuttings and 66 2/3% on the back. Bennett Crone pulls this grade higher than typical NHLA standards and is steamed to enhance the chocolate brown heartwood and darken the sapwood. The 6’ and 7’ boards are graded for clear face cuttings and not defect graded as NHLA allows. Ideal for application requiring long, wide clear-face cuttings or multiple rips and chops.
Applications: Cabinets and entry doors, casegoods, furniture
Length and Width: Minimum cutting sizes of 3” x 6’ or 4” x 3’, and more
Walnut #1 Com
Ash #1 Com grade is often referred to as the Cabinet grade in the USA because of its adaptability to the standard sizes of kitchen cabinet doors used throughout the United States. Number 1 Common is widely used in the manufacture of furniture parts as well for this same reason. We grade after drying and surfacing, and against all natural drying or surfacing defects (pin knot no defect).
Applications: Furniture, cabinetry
Grades: #1 Com
Length and Width: The Number 1 Common grades includes boards that are a minimum of 3" wide and 4' long and will yield clear face cuttings from 662⁄3% (8⁄12ths) up to, but not including, the minimum requirement for FAS (831⁄3%). The smallest clear cuttings allowed are 3" by 3' and 4" by 2'. The number of these clear cuttings is determined by the size of the board. Both faces of the board must meet minimum requirements for Number 1 Common.
Walnut #2 Com
Designed to yield shorter cuttings; with the best face yielding a minimum of 50% clear-face cuttings with sound backs.
We grade after drying and surfacing, and against all natural drying or surfacing defects (pin knot no defect).
Applications: Panels, drawer fronts, picture frames, flooring, small specialty items
Grades: #2 Com
Length and Width: Minimum cutting size is 2” x 6 units.